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Video: Compression Hosiery For Venous Insufficiency

Video: Compression Hosiery For Venous Insufficiency
Video: Medical Clinic: Do compression socks help varicose veins? | Spider & Varicose Vein Treatment Center 2023, March
Compression Hosiery For Venous Insufficiency
Compression Hosiery For Venous Insufficiency
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Compression hosiery for venous insufficiency

According to doctors, in industrially developed countries, more than 50% of the working population suffers from chronic venous insufficiency. Women are affected significantly more often than men. Today, many lead a very active lifestyle, constantly moving on their feet. For a long time, the disease manifests itself only as a cosmetic defect and fatigue in the legs. If you do not engage in prevention and treatment, the progress of the disease begins, which leads to complications: painful sensations, edema, venous nodes appear. From complications of varicose veins every year in Russia, about 250 thousand people die.

Compression hosiery for venous insufficiency
Compression hosiery for venous insufficiency

Factors contributing to the development of venous insufficiency

Among the factors contributing to the development of venous insufficiency are the following:

Standing or sedentary work (, office workers, hairdressers);

  • Age over 40;
  • Hereditary predisposition;
  • Overweight;
  • Pregnancy (varicose veins in pregnant women develop during 1 trimester of pregnancy in 30%, and during the next 2 trimesters in 70%);
  • Certain medications (such as hormones)
  • Alcohol and smoking;
  • Frequent long journeys;
  • Spicy and salty foods;

In fact, all 40+ people need to use compression hosiery.

Factors contributing to the development of venous insufficiency
Factors contributing to the development of venous insufficiency

Treatment methods

Currently, there are many ways to treat people with CVI, the main ones are:

Conservative: hirudotherapy, medication, compression therapy;

  • Operational.

Any of the methods, conservative or operative, is supported with compression therapy. This method was invented over 100 years ago and gained immense popularity in the 20th century. In the 21st century, compression hosiery has become an integral part of CVI treatment.

How do compression products work?

The action of medical compression hosiery is aimed at exerting graduated pressure on the walls of superficial veins. In this case, the maximum compression (100%) falls on the lower part of the lower leg, 70% on the wide part of the gastrocnemius muscle, and 20-50% on the thigh.

As a result of exposure to compression hosiery:

The diameter of the superficial veins decreases. This normalizes the operation of the valve train. The narrowing of the lumen of the superficial veins helps to increase the rate of outflow of venous blood from the lower legs. Consequently, the likelihood of blood clots is significantly reduced.

  • The muscle's ability to push blood is increased by squeezing the veins located in the muscle tissue.
  • Constant support of the vein walls prevents them from stretching.
  • The elimination of edema is facilitated by an increase in the ability of capillaries to absorb extracellular fluid.
  • How do compression products work?
    How do compression products work?

    There are several ways to make compression hosiery:

    1. Compression is created using special elastic threads and special knitting, this is the most expensive method that ensures the correct distribution of compression, high wear characteristics and durability of products.
    2. Compression is obtained by heating the specified points of the product. The product is put on a metal “blank”, heated at the specified points, thereby creating compression on a certain standard shape of the leg. If the patient's leg is thinner than the standard one, there is not enough compression; if it is thicker, it is excessive. This is the cheapest way, it is used by manufacturers of conventional nylon products.
    There are several ways to make compression hosiery
    There are several ways to make compression hosiery

    Compression classes and indications for them

    There are several degrees of compression of products, ranging from class I (the weakest degree of compression) and ending with class IV (extra strong degree of compression).

    The most used are the I and II compression classes.

    The first class of compression can be used without a doctor's prescription. Will not hurt anyone. If you, for example, stand on your feet for more than 4 hours, put on any compression product and by the evening you will see changes, some confirm, after the edema disappears, the shoes become half a size larger. First class compression hosiery is indicated for the prevention of varicose veins, as well as for the treatment of the initial degree of varicose veins. Compression knitwear relieves fatigue in the legs, increases blood circulation. The main advantage is the prevention of the development of varicose veins. In addition, the compression hosiery will give your legs a feeling of lightness, improving your well-being every day.

    Compression classes and indications for them
    Compression classes and indications for them

    You should use compression hosiery if:

    You stand a lot on your feet, lead a very active lifestyle;

    • You have visible changes in the veins: vascular mesh, persistent pattern of the saphenous veins, varicose veins;
    • Hormonal changes appear;
    • Lack of physical activity;
    • Heaviness in the legs, fatigue, swelling.

    Compression class II (23-32 mm Hg)

    Medical compression products of the 2nd class of compression are indicated for the treatment of moderate chronic venous insufficiency and for the prevention of its progression.

    This compression hosiery provides stronger compression and has healing properties that can restore the health of your legs in no time. Already after the first application of such jersey, leg fatigue is significantly reduced, and you will feel relief and lightness.

    Compression classes and indications for them
    Compression classes and indications for them

    Indications for use of class 2 and 3 compression hosiery:

    Acute thrombophlebitis;

    • Postoperative and preoperative period;
    • Chronic venous insufficiency, expansion of superficial veins;
    • Spider veins or venous mesh in the legs;
    • Persistent swelling of the legs.

    Author: Pervova Daria. Especially for Calorizator.ru

    Copying of this article in whole or in part is prohibited.

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