Articles

Table of contents:

Video: Maslenitsa
Video: Ишь ты, масленица/ Wow! The butter week (1985) 2023, February
Maslenitsa
Maslenitsa
Anonim

Maslenitsa

Maslenitsa is a daring holiday with a grand scale and a truly Russian soul. Merry festivities, sleigh rides, fun, meeting friends and family, a huge number of pancakes eaten, great mood and most importantly - a premonition of spring, that's what Maslenitsa is!

Read about how not to get better on Shrovetide by trying different pancakes in our article “How to celebrate Shrovetide and not get better”.

The history of the holiday

Shrovetide appeared during pagan times, that is, before the rise of Christianity. Initially, Maslenitsa was celebrated for two weeks, before and after the vernal equinox, which for many peoples was the beginning of the New Year. Therefore, Maslenitsa was both the wires of winter, and the meeting of spring (which has survived to this day), as well as New Year's holidays.

After the adoption of Christianity, the pagan holiday was not canceled, just the celebrations were halved and amount to one week, which is often called Cheese (or meat-eating) week, and the start date of Maslenitsa became "floating", directly dependent on the date of Easter.

The history of the holiday
The history of the holiday

When Maslenitsa is celebrated

Shrovetide is celebrated in the last week before Lent, when it is no longer possible to eat meat, but so that the transition to the lean table is not so abrupt, it was allowed to enjoy pancakes with all kinds of fillings.

Usually Maslenitsa is celebrated in late February - early March, but, like Easter, it can be early (for example, in 2018 and 2029, the beginning of Maslenitsa will begin on February 12).

For Orthodox Christians, Maslenitsa is a time to prepare for Great Lent, reconciliation and forgiveness. During Cheese Week, fasts are canceled on Wednesdays and Fridays, but meat is no longer supposed to be eaten.

When Maslenitsa is celebrated
When Maslenitsa is celebrated

How Maslenitsa is celebrated

Shrovetide symbolizes the change of winter in spring, fertility and the beginning of a new life, but they never forgot about the dead during Shrovetide - after all, pancakes are not only little "suns", but also a traditionally memorial dish.

Fertility is the most important factor for all strata of the population, therefore the Maslenitsa effigy (the personification of fertility) was made in the form of a portly woman, with curvaceous forms and a bright blush on her cheeks, in multi-layered clothes. The tradition of burning a scarecrow also "worked" for the future harvest - ashes from Maslenitsa were scattered over the fields still covered with snow to increase fertility.

According to pagan rituals, a stuffed animal of winter was made and burned on the last day of Maslenitsa, thereby making it clear that they were saying goodbye to it. But at the beginning of February this is not entirely appropriate, so gradually the scarecrow began to be called Butter or Maslenitsa.

How Maslenitsa is celebrated
How Maslenitsa is celebrated

Shrovetide and its analogues in the world

Maslenitsa is celebrated not only in Russia, but also in almost all European countries. Eastern and Western Slavs, both Orthodox and Catholics, celebrate Meatopust - an analogue of Shrovetide week; during the holiday, festivities and fun joint entertainment of young people are organized, especially among unmarried young men and unmarried girls. The purpose of the holiday is to introduce young people and establish new relationships, which must end with a wedding, so that children are born - the fertility of women in the popular sense is directly related to the fertility of the earth.

The well-known Western Catholics Carnival is also celebrated in the last week before Lent, in order to have plenty of fun before the period of abstinence.

Each nation has its own name for Maslenitsa, for example, in Latvia they celebrate Meteni, and in Lithuania - Uzgovenie, Greeks have fun during the Apocries, and Armenians - Bun Barekendan.

Shrovetide and its analogues in the world
Shrovetide and its analogues in the world

Shrovetide Narrow and Wide

Narrow Shrovetide is the name for the first three days of Cheese Week, on which not only the holiday was celebrated, but we also did our chores, cleaned up and prepared for the 40-day Fast. The wide Maslenitsa was celebrated really widely and from the heart - from Thursday to Sunday everything was forgotten, even urgent economic matters, the holidays were completely filled with festivities and fun, each day was given a name and its own customs.

Shrovetide Narrow and Wide
Shrovetide Narrow and Wide

Monday - Meeting, the main preparations for the celebration were ending, in the morning the daughter-in-law was equipped to the parental house, where the father-in-law went in the evening to discuss plans for Pancake Week for a pancake treat. An interesting fact - the saying "The first pancake is lumpy" does not have the same meaning as we are used to. The fact is that in Russia bears were called comas, which played an important role in the celebration of Maslenitsa - there are customs associated with waking a bear from winter sleep. So the first pancake was given to komAm, that is, to bears, for their peace of mind and well-fed awakening. In fact, more often than not, the first pancakes baked on Monday were given to the poor to commemorate the dead.

Tuesday has the name Zaigryshi, characterized not only by festivities and roller coasters, but also by brides at which they invited each other to pancakes.

Flirting
Flirting

Wednesday - Gourmets, sons-in-law came to the mother-in-law for pancakes, where the guests gathered after they finished household chores.

Thursday - the first day of the Wide Maslenitsa - Wide revelry. Fist fights, sleigh rides drawn by three brightly dressed horses, rallies, roller coasters and swings, mountains of pancakes with a wide variety of fillings, mead flowed like a river, buffoons, jesters and carnival processions - this is how they walked on Maslenitsa.

Friday was called Mother-in-law's evening. The sons-in-law invited the mother-in-law and her relatives and treated them to pancakes with caviar and fish, as well as sweet fillings.

Mother-in-law evenings
Mother-in-law evenings

Saturday is the sister-in-law's gatherings. The sisters of the husband gathered in the house of their daughters-in-law, feasted on pancakes and were engaged in the most feminine affairs - they washed bones for husbands and their mothers. Young wives made gifts to their sister-in-law in order to continue living in peace and harmony.

Sunday is known as Forgiven, when it was mandatory to go to church, where the priests asked for forgiveness from their parishioners, and those, in turn, from each other. A beautiful and bright custom still allows many to ask for forgiveness, which cannot be denied. It is not for nothing that the answer to “Forgive” always sounds - “God will forgive and I forgive”. On the last day of Maslenitsa, an effigy of Maslenits was burned, people visited cemeteries and went to the bathhouse - to wash away their sins and prepare for Lent.

Forgiveness Sunday
Forgiveness Sunday

Pancake recipes for Maslenitsa

At Shrovetide, every hostess knows which pancakes she will serve - the ones that she does best! And if you want to turn a little off the beaten track of traditions, we offer several unbeatable and useful options, for example, buckwheat pancakes.

Buckwheat pancakes

Ingredients:

Milk - 1/2 l.

  • Wheat flour of the highest grade - 100 gr.
  • Buckwheat flour - 150 gr.
  • Butter - 70 gr.
  • Chicken egg - 2 pcs.
  • Sugar - 1 tbsp. l.
  • Salt - 1 tsp

Sift both types of flour into a bowl, add salt and sugar, eggs and mix thoroughly. Introduce milk in small portions, without ceasing to stir the dough. At the end, add butter, previously melted and cooled to room temperature. Stir the dough thoroughly, cover with a towel and rest for 30 minutes. Bake the pancakes in a very preheated dry skillet with a thick bottom. Serve with sour cream and any sweet fillings - honey, jam or condensed milk.

Buckwheat pancakes
Buckwheat pancakes

Pancake bags with mushrooms

Ingredients:

Pancakes (10 thin pancakes) - 300 gr.

  • Sliced ​​frozen champignons - 700 gr.
  • Bulb onions - 1 pc.
  • Sunflower oil - 2 tbsp. l.
  • Chechil pigtail cheese - 40 gr.
  • Salt (to taste) - 2 gr.

The recipe for thin pancakes can be found in our section, bake thin pancakes, peel and finely chop the onion, sauté in vegetable oil, add champignons, cook for 10-15 minutes, salt. Put a couple of spoons of the filling on the center of each pancake, form a bag by connecting the edges of the pancake and tie it with a thin strip of Chechila.

Pancake bags with mushrooms
Pancake bags with mushrooms

Pancake cake Chocolate

Pancake Ingredients:

Milk - 600 ml.

  • Wheat flour of the highest grade - 100 gr.
  • Chicken egg - 2 pcs.
  • Sugar - 5 tsp
  • Salt (pinch) - 2 gr.
  • Soda (on the tip of a knife) - 2 gr.
  • Sunflower oil - 1 tbsp. l.
  • Cocoa powder - 1.5 tbsp. l.

For filling:

Cottage cheese - 250 gr.

  • Sour cream - 200 gr.
  • Condensed milk - 2 tbsp. l.

Knead a thick enough dough for pancakes, bake them in a frying pan with a thick bottom, slightly greasing with vegetable oil. Allow the pancakes to cool down, having prepared the filling - mix the sour cream, cottage cheese and condensed milk with a blender until a homogeneous consistency. Smear each pancake by stacking them on top of each other. If desired, you can lay out chopped fresh apricots or any berries on top of the cream.

Pancake cake Chocolate
Pancake cake Chocolate

Pancake rolls

Ingredients:

Pancakes (6 thin pancakes) - 180 gr.

  • Lightly salted trout - 200 gr.
  • Avocado - 1 pc.
  • Cream cheese Almette - 200 gr.
  • Pickled cucumber - 2 pcs.
  • Dill (1/2 bunch) - 20 gr.

Cool thin pancakes prepared according to your favorite recipe, grease with cream cheese and “collect” the rolls - put thin fish slices, cucumber and avocado strips on one side of the pancake on the cheese, sprinkle with finely chopped dill. Roll the pancake into a tight roll and let it soak for a few minutes. Cut across or diagonally, serve with sour cream or soy sauce if desired.

Pancake rolls
Pancake rolls

You can choose the filling for a pancake cake or rolls to your liking, look for even more interesting recipes and unusual combinations on our website in the Desserts section.

Delicious Shrovetide to everyone

Author: Victoria N. (specially for Calorizator.ru)

Copying of this article in whole or in part is prohibited.

Holidays

Popular by topic

Editor'S Choice