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Video: The Rate Of Blood Sugar In Women And Men
The rate of blood sugar in women and men
We are used to saying "blood sugar", it would be more correct to say "blood glucose level". The pancreas produces special hormones insulin and glycogen, which are responsible for maintaining glucose levels within the normal range. In case of any failure in the system, the body receives less energy, rapid fatigue and weakness appear. Such processes are dangerous, first of all, because during the malfunctioning of the pancreas, the load on the kidneys increases, which requires an increased fluid content in the body. Further, the vessels suffer, because the thickened blood physically cannot get into the small capillaries, and this already leads to irreversible reactions in all organs and systems.
What is considered to be the norm of blood glucose levels
The norms for women and men do not differ, there is only a slight increase in sugar levels with age. Blood for analysis must be taken in the morning on an empty stomach. The interval between the last meal and the analysis of 10-14 hours is ideal. The day before, it is not recommended to eat fatty and fried foods, drink alcoholic beverages and be nervous.
If all conditions are met, then the indicators of glucose levels in the blood taken from the finger (capillary) should be equal to 3.3-5.5 mmol / l. if the blood was taken from a vein, then the rate increases by 12% and is 5-6.1 mmol / l. At different times of the day, the indicators will not be the same, and therefore it is advised to take the analysis in the morning.
Most often, blood sugar levels need to be monitored in order to diagnose diabetes in time - an insidious disease that can be asymptomatic for a long time, or resemble ordinary seasonal ailments. This is especially true of those who have relatives with diabetes, the elderly and obese people who lead a sedentary lifestyle.
Causes of high blood sugar
The glucose level cannot increase simply from scratch, if a person adheres to a proper diet and an active lifestyle, then an increase in sugar indicates the presence of diseases.
The main causes of high blood sugar levels are:
Excessive food intake, especially easily digestible carbohydrates;
- Smoking and drinking alcohol;
- Stress and nervous strain;
- Diseases of the endocrine system: thyrotoxicosis, Cushing's disease, etc.;
- Diseases of the pancreas, liver and kidneys;
- Taking certain steroid medications, contraceptives, or diuretics
- Premenstrual syndrome in women.
If the analysis reveals an increased sugar content, the patient is given a sugar solution to drink and the analysis is repeated two hours later. Sometimes the usual meal before donating blood (the person spent a lot of time on the road to the hospital and ate an apple) can cause an increase in sugar.
Signs of increased blood glucose
Elevated sugar levels lead to hyperglycemia, which can be recognized by the following:
Constant feeling of thirst;
- Feeling of dry mouth;
- Frequent urination, often painful;
- Weight loss with excellent appetite;
- Itchy skin;
- Non-healing wounds;
- Blurred vision;
- Noisy, uneven breathing.
Of course, the appearance of several of these reasons is a reason for an urgent visit to a doctor and an immediate test for sugar.
Hypoglycemia is a drop in blood sugar below 3.5 mmol / L.
It is important to know the symptoms of hypoglycemia and determine them in time:
- weakness and feeling of weakness;
- trembling in the body;
- bad mood;
- decreased concentration of attention.
- Sugar, pastry and confectionery;
- Fast food;
- Marinades, smoked and fried foods;
- Packaged juices;
- Persimmons, grapes, bananas, figs, dates;
- Carbonated and alcoholic drinks.
- Chicken, beef, veal, turkey, rabbit meat;
- Whole wheat bread;
- Vegetables and greens;
- Fruits and berries;
- Seeds and nuts;
- Green tea and herbal teas;
- Pure mineral water without gas.
How to lower your blood sugar
A balanced diet will help reduce blood sugar levels that have not reached the critical level. The diet is based on the exclusion from the diet of foods containing "fast" carbohydrates, which immediately give a feeling of fullness, but are absorbed too quickly.
These products include:
To normalize metabolic processes and further maintain blood sugar levels within the normal range, it is recommended to give preference to products such as:
The usual recommendations are walks in the fresh air, fractional meals and feasible physical activity. Anyone who does not want health problems in old age can keep blood sugar levels normal.
Author: Victoria N. (specially for Calorizator.ru)
Copying of this article in whole or in part is prohibited.
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