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Video: The Norm Of Cholesterol In The Blood In Women And Men

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Video: LDL and HDL Cholesterol | Good and Bad Cholesterol | Nucleus Health 2023, January
The Norm Of Cholesterol In The Blood In Women And Men
The Norm Of Cholesterol In The Blood In Women And Men
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The norm of cholesterol in the blood in women and men

In order to understand whether the level of cholesterol in the blood is normal, it is necessary to pass the appropriate tests, and for a start it would be nice to figure out what kind of cholesterol it is, and whether it is necessary to fight it.

The concept and function of cholesterol

Cholesterol is usually called lipid (in other words, fatty) alcohol, which forms the basis of animal cell membranes. The presence of cholesterol provides the cell membranes with strength and elasticity. The body synthesizes almost all cholesterol on its own, only a quarter (20-30%) comes from food.

The norm of cholesterol in the blood in women and men
The norm of cholesterol in the blood in women and men

Cholesterol is essential for:

Digestion - it is the source for the synthesis of bile salts by our liver;

  • Immunity - cholesterol is involved in the production of adrenal cortisol and vitamin D by the skin;
  • Production of female and male sex hormones.
  • The concept and function of cholesterol
    The concept and function of cholesterol

    Cholesterol types

    Taking an analysis for the amount of cholesterol in the blood, everyone pays attention to incomprehensible abbreviations and asks the question - what is it ?? For further research, it is necessary to understand the level:

    Total cholesterol;

    • HDL (high density lipoprotein) - the so-called "good" cholesterol;
    • LDL (low density lipoprotein) - "bad" cholesterol, which is the cause of the formation of plaque on the walls of blood vessels;
    • Triglycerides, which cause weight gain.
    • Cholesterol types
      Cholesterol types

      The norms of the amount of cholesterol in the blood

      In fact, gender is not so important in determining the rate of cholesterol, the age of a person is much more important. The older a person is, the higher the normal level of cholesterol in their blood. Physicians from different countries give different norms, but they differ insignificantly, so we will give the average values.

      The norms of the amount of cholesterol in the blood
      The norms of the amount of cholesterol in the blood

      Norms for women:

      Normal - 3.9-6.8 mmol / L;

      • HDL - 0.86-2.28 mmol / l;
      • LDL - 1.92-4.51 mmol / l;
      • Triglycerides - 1.7-2.2 mmol / L.

      Norms for husbands:

      Normal - 4.1-7.15 mmol / L;

      • HDL - 0.7-1.73 mmol / l;
      • LDL - 2.25-4.82 mmol / l;
      • Triglycerides - 1.9-2.7 mmol / L.

      The norms are given for men and women aged 40-45 years, when it is seriously necessary to attend to the prevention of various diseases.

      The norms of the amount of cholesterol in the blood
      The norms of the amount of cholesterol in the blood

      Reasons for an increase in blood cholesterol levels:

      Hypertension; diseases of the kidneys, liver and pancreas, diabetes mellitus, heart attack;

      • Improper nutrition and metabolic disorders caused by it, obesity;
      • Pregnancy and lactation;
      • Hypodynamia;
      • Smoking;
      • Drinking alcohol in uncontrolled amounts;
      • Taking some steroids and oral contraceptives.
      • How to lower blood cholesterol levels
        How to lower blood cholesterol levels

        How to lower blood cholesterol levels

        In order not to have problems with blood vessels and heart at any age, it is necessary to understand as early as possible that the fight against high cholesterol levels cannot be carried out only with the help of statins and other medications. It is necessary:

        Move more;

        • Minimize the consumption of fatty meat, especially fried, milk and butter, hard cheeses and confectionery, sausages, smoked meats and pickled products;
        • Reduce alcohol intake, especially beer;
        • Quit smoking habit;
        • Train yourself to drink more green tea and less coffee;
        • Make fish, cereals, any vegetables and fruits, olive and sunflower oil the basis of the diet, because - as you know - in plant foods, by definition, there is no cholesterol.
        • How to lower blood cholesterol levels
          How to lower blood cholesterol levels

          Author: Victoria N. (specially for Calorizator.ru)

          Copying of this article in whole or in part is prohibited.

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