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Weight loss surgery
Every year more than a hundred thousand people go to the operating table to get rid of those extra pounds. Despite the fact that surgery can be recommended for people with BMI> 40 without health contraindications and with a referral from the attending physician, many take this step voluntarily. Weight loss surgery looks attractive, but it carries a lot of risk and does not guarantee long-term results.
Popular operations include liposuction, gastric ballooning, gastric banding, gastroplasty.
This is a cosmetic procedure that involves pumping subcutaneous fat from problem areas through small incisions in the skin. It is considered the fastest operation, since the patient is in the hospital for only a few days, and the rehabilitation period lasts an average of five weeks.
However, recovery will require a strict diet, exercise, and regular visits to a massage therapist. The combination of these measures will help reduce the risk of side effects, including the rapid appearance of fibrous cellulite, sagging and skin necrosis. After the operation, scars remain, not to mention severe pain and bruising at the incision sites during the recovery period.
The method is reduced to placing a silicone balloon in the stomach through the esophagus. Since the balloon fills the space of the stomach, the patient eats a smaller volume of food, thereby rapidly losing weight. A second operation is prescribed in 3-6 months to remove the balloon, after which the patient is advised to eat properly and move more.
Those who lose weight find this method attractive, because while the balloon is in the stomach, you can not limit yourself in choosing food. But after the second operation, a collision with a cruel reality is inevitable - the need to comply with a diet and possible side effects.
Complications include the development of gastritis, nausea and vomiting within two weeks, as well as a return to the previous weight if, after removing the silicone from the stomach, the patient increases the portions of food.
Another way to reduce the volume of the stomach, but this time with a bandage - a silicone ring, which is placed on the stomach just below the esophagus. First, food enters the upper small part, filling the volume and causing a feeling of satiety, and then it is digested in the lower part.
The installation of a bandage requires the patient to separate liquid and solid food for many years and in no case drink food. Possible complications include intolerance to a number of foods (fibrous vegetables and fruits with peels), displacement of the band, which can be corrected by a second operation.
The volume of the stomach is reduced due to vertical suturing of its walls and the imposition of titanium staples. Patients lose weight due to the fast saturation of small meals.
Complications after vertical gastroplasty are as follows: anemia, inflammation of the esophagus, narrowing or expansion of the "small ventricle".
What you need to know before going under the knife:
- Any surgical intervention has a number of contraindications, make sure you do not have them;
- Despite the anesthesia, recovery from surgery will be very painful;
- Scars remain after any surgery;
- There is a high risk of complications, so check the list of side effects and ask yourself if you are ready for it;
- To maintain the result, you will have to change your lifestyle and diet.
Weight-loss surgery is indicated for overweight people, provided that other treatments for obesity have not worked for them. Any operations must take place with the consent of the attending physician. It is impossible to lose weight without doing anything. To maintain results after surgery, you will need to maintain a healthy diet and physical activity.
Author: Ekaterina G., nutritionist, fitness blogger (specially for Calorizator.ru)
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