Table of contents:
Feronia (Wood Apple)
Calories, kcal: 50 Proteins, g: 0.3 Fats, g: 0.2 Carbohydrates, g: 12.0
Feronia is a fruit tree that belongs to the Rutov family. The second name of this fruit is Wood Apple. Sri Lanka and India were originally considered the homeland, where feronia was grown in gardens and planted along roads. These trees are widely cultivated in Southeast Asia and Malaysia.
Feronia lemon or (wood apple) is a medium-sized tree. Its trunk is covered with wrinkled, rough bark and large thorns. It grows very slowly and is an unpretentious plant; it grows in almost any well-drained soil. The tree itself is straight, the leaves are long. If the leaves are rubbed against the palm, they give off a citrus scent. The color of the leaves is dark green. It blooms with small, dim, red flowers. After flowering, fruits appear. They are spherical, 5 to 12 cm in diameter.
The color of the fruit itself is gray. The fruit is covered with a hard, woody shell, inside contains brown flesh, with small white seeds. There are a lot of them in each fruit. The pulp is sticky, mealy. It tastes sweet, but a little knitting in the mouth. It is edible. Before use, the shell must be broken with a hammer, and the contents of the fruits are usually mixed with sugar or coconut milk before use.
Ripe feronia fruit contains vitamins: A, C, a large amount of riboflavin and thiamine. The pulp contains bergapten, stigmasterin, orientin, psoralen, saponins.
Calorie content of feronium
Feronia is a low-calorie product, containing only 50 kcal per 100 grams of product.
Useful properties of feronia
Feronia (wood apple) fruit is used as a gastric remedy. The pulp juice is used for stomatitis, sore throat, diarrhea, dysentery. The pulp is distinguished by a soap-like property and therefore can be a good substitute for soap. The sticky layer near unripe seeds is used as glue in jewelry production. A decoction of the leaves has astringent properties, so it is used for indigestion, vomiting, hiccups. Consuming the seeds helps in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Wood is also valued, it is used in the construction of houses, in agriculture, and poles are made. The peel is very strong in composition, it is used instead of dishes. In addition, it contains an essential oil that is used as a hair fragrance.
The use of feronia in cooking
In cooking, feronia fruits are used to prepare drinks, sweets, preserves, and jams. Indonesians consume this fruit as a breakfast. In Thailand, the leaves of this fruit are prepared as a salad.