Table of contents:
Calories, kcal: 704 Proteins, g: 16.1 Fats, g: 66.9 Carbohydrates, g: 9.9
Hazelnut is one of the most common, demanded and beloved representatives of the walnut fraternity. Hazelnuts are rightfully called a nut, in contrast to peanuts or pine nuts. Hazelnuts are the fruit of a tree-like shrub of the Birch family, the so-called cultivated hazel. Hazelnuts, as hazelnuts are sometimes called, have been used for food since ancient times, grown in the Balkans, in the countries of Asia Minor, in the Caucasus. Hazelnut fruits are almost spherical drops with a pointed tip and a tree-like round base. The shell is light brown, dense and dry, reliably protects the kernel of light beige, covered with a brown thin shell. The hazelnut kernel is almost round, consists of two identical halves, sometimes a small empty cavity forms inside the nut. The kernel of the nut has a dense and elastic consistency,bright nutty aroma and slightly sweet taste.
Common varieties of hazelnuts:
Badem is a hazelnut variety with long, slightly flattened fruits.
- Crimean hazelnut is a hazelnut variety with a rounded kernel and thin shell.
- Kerasund is a conical-shaped hazelnut variety with a very thin shell.
Calorie content of hazelnuts
The calorie content of hazelnuts is 704 kcal per 100 grams of product.
Composition and useful properties of hazelnuts
Hazelnuts are a supplier of easily digestible high-quality vegetable protein, which is practically the same as meat protein. The product contains vitamins of group B, E, as well as potassium, iron and other macro- and microelements necessary for the body (calorizator). Hazelnuts contain antioxidants that slow down the aging process and increase the body's defenses, the nut is able to prevent the development of putrefactive processes in the gastrointestinal tract. Folic acid, necessary for the growth of body cells, is found in hazelnuts along with polyunsaturated fatty acids, which have a beneficial effect on the activity of the cardiovascular system. Hazelnuts contain a unique substance paclitaxel, which is a powerful prophylactic agent against cancer.
Given the high calorie content of the product, hazelnuts should be used with caution by overweight people who are prone to allergic reactions, suffering from disorders of the digestive system. Excessive consumption of hazelnuts can lead to headaches and provoke vasospasm.
Hazelnut in weight loss
The high calorie content of hazelnuts and the ability to quickly and for a long time saturate the body can be used in various diets, for example, nut or mono-diet on nuts. There is a special fasting day on nuts, the menu of which includes hazelnuts.
Selection and storage of hazelnuts
When choosing nuts, you should give preference to inshell hazelnuts, reducing the risk of getting a lot of bacteria in addition to the benefits. Hazelnut shells must be bright and smooth, free from plaque, damage, moisture and signs of mold. If the nuts are too light, try shaking one - the core is clearly moving inside and a dull sound is heard? These are signs of dried hazelnuts, you need to refuse to buy. Full fresh kernels do not move inside the shell, occupying almost the entire volume.
It is best to store hazelnuts in the refrigerator, packed in paper bags or canvas bags. In this case, hazelnuts retain their organoleptic properties for several years.
Peeled hazelnut kernels should be round; it is better not to get damaged and dried nuts. It is recommended to place the hazelnuts in a preheated oven for a few minutes before use in order to destroy pathogens. You need to store peeled hazelnuts in the refrigerator in a glass container, tightly closed with a lid for no longer than 2 months.
Hazelnuts in cooking
Hazelnuts are an excellent and healthy snack, a great addition to desserts as part of a mixture of nuts and dried fruits or on their own. Chocolate makers have long used hazelnuts in their products, whole or ground. Dessert dishes are prepared from hazelnuts, nuts are candied, combined with salt and spicy spices, and used as a light snack.
For more information about hazelnuts, see the video clip of the TV show "Living Healthy".
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