Table of contents:
Calories, kcal: 44 Protein, g: 1.1 Fat, g: 0.4 Carbohydrates, g: 7.6
Blueberry is a low deciduous shrub of the Heather family and its fruits are spherical purple-black berries with a silvery waxy coating. The size of the berries is from 5 mm to 1 cm, blueberries practically do not smell, but they have a delicate taste. The flesh of the berries is purple in color and many small black seeds.
Bilberry grows almost everywhere in the middle zone and to the north, loves coniferous forests, swampy places. Blueberries do not yield bountiful harvests every year, depending on the temperature regime during the flowering period, which falls on the end of May - June. Blueberries are practically not grown artificially, they are harvested by hand, so the cost of fresh berries is quite high.
Calorie content of blueberries
The calorie content of blueberries is 44 kcal per 100 grams of product.
Composition and useful properties of blueberries
The vitamin and mineral composition of blueberries is rich and unique, it contains: beta-carotene, vitamins B, A, C, PP, as well as macro- and microelements: potassium, manganese, iron, chromium, phosphorus. Blueberries hold the record among dark berries for the content of anthocyanins, natural oncoprotectors that protect the body from the occurrence of malignant tumors. Anthocyanins also affect the ability of blood vessels to dilate, which is important in hypertension.
The polyphenols in blueberries help lower lipid levels in the body, which is why the berry is often included in the calorizator. Recent research by specialists has found a direct link between the consumption of blueberries and type II diabetes - those who regularly eat fresh blueberries are more protected from the occurrence of this disease.
Blueberries have traditionally been considered a panacea for all eye diseases and vision problems, this is not entirely true, but the fact that blueberries improve the blood supply to the retina has been proven by multiple studies. The effect of blueberries on twilight vision is individual, and most likely belongs to the placebo phenomenon.
Dried blueberry leaves and berries, boiled in boiling water, help to stop indigestion and have a strengthening effect.
A brightly colored berry can provoke the occurrence of allergic reactions, so when you first introduce blueberries into the diet of babies, you need to limit yourself to a few berries. Blueberries should not be abused by persons with urolithiasis and prone to constipation.
Selection and storage of blueberries
When purchasing fresh blueberries, you need to carefully examine the berries for damage, adhesion and rot. The berries should be dry, not sticky and have a waxy coating on all sides.
You can store fresh blueberries for several days in the refrigerator, but it is better to consume them immediately or freeze them. Before freezing, the berries should be sorted out, leaves and stalks should be removed, rinsed and dried. Freeze the berries by spreading them out on a plane (tray, plate, baking sheet) in one layer and allowing them to freeze completely. Then the blueberries should be poured into a bag, plastic container, can be portioned and used as needed.
Blueberries are often dried, but dried berries lose a lot of nutrients and gain more sugar than fresh or frozen ones.
Blueberries in cooking
Fresh blueberries are an independent treat and decoration for ice cream, whipped cream and other desserts. Blueberries are rubbed with sugar, jam, jams, fruit drinks, compotes, jelly, soups, mousses and dessert sauces are made from berries. Blueberries are ideal filling for shortcrust pies and quiches, pancakes; they are added to cheese cakes, curd puddings and casseroles. Liqueurs, liqueurs, liqueurs are prepared on the basis of blueberries. Blueberry juice is used to color creams and desserts, sometimes it is used to mark fresh meat.
For more information on the benefits of blueberries, see the video "Blueberries against pressure" on the TV show "On the Most Important One".
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