Table of contents:
Calories, kcal: 88 Proteins, g: 0.2 Fats, g: 0.0 Carbohydrates, g: 5.0
Champagne is a sparkling wine produced in the French province of Champagne. All other drinks containing carbon dioxide can only be called sparkling. Champagne is produced by secondary fermentation in bottles.
Like everything ingenious, champagne was born by chance. In the 17th century, French winemakers unexpectedly received a "devilish" wine - a sparkling wine that tore apart barrels in which aging took place (calorizator). Only after the creation of the technology of secondary fermentation - when it takes place directly in the bottles, the wine was tamed and excellent champagne appeared.
Champagne is usually made from one grape variety (mono) or only three grapes are used: Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier. The method by which champagne is prepared is called "champenoise", in which the first fermentation takes place in steel containers, then the wine is poured into bottles that lie in the cellars for six months. The wine bottles are then turned daily to collect sediment around the neck. The process of disgorging (removal of sediment from the bottle) is masterly mastered by only a few winemakers. After the champagne has become transparent, it can be consumed, but such wine can be stored for a long, almost unlimited time, only improving the quality of taste.
For the production of this drink, unripe grapes are harvested. However, it contains more acid. The harvested grapes are well pressed, and the resulting grape juice is poured into steel cubes or wooden barrels for further fermentation. In order for the excess acid to disappear, it is blended with other sparkling wines from other vineyards, which have not been aged for the same number of years. Thus, the resulting drink is immediately bottled, where a certain amount of yeast and sugar is added.
According to the sugar content, champagne is divided into ultrabrut, brut, dry, semi-dry and sweet.
Champagne is categorized by color - white, pink, and red.
According to the degree of aging, the drink is:
Non-Vintage is a completely un aged wine that was made by blending wines with different aging times.
- Vintage is a wine that has been aged in the bottle for a long period of time.
Calorie content of champagne
The calorie content of champagne averages 88 kcal per 100 ml of drink.
The chemical composition of champagne includes: vitamins B2 and PP, as well as potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus and sodium.
Champagne is a very noble and festive drink, funny bubbles cheer you up, and the taste is dizzy. To enjoy the drink to the fullest, you need to purchase it where there is a guarantee of correct storage of the bottles - in a horizontal position, or with an inclination so that the cork is wet. Champagne is served chilled, in narrow tall or cone-shaped glasses. A traditional pair for a glass of champagne is fresh ripe strawberries.
It is very important to be able to beautifully open the bottle. It's very simple - you need to take the bottom of the bottle with your right hand, and the cork with your left. Slowly rotating your hands (right - towards you, left, respectively, from) firmly hold the cork, which easily comes out with a pleasant pop.