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Shiitake Dried
Shiitake Dried
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Shiitake dried

Shiitake dried
Shiitake dried

Calories, kcal: 331 Proteins, g: 19.3 Fats, g: 0.0 Carbohydrates, g: 63.4

Shiitake (Shitake, "tree mushroom") grow singly on stumps or tree trunks. They usually appear in spring and autumn after rain.

These mushrooms have a dark brown lamellar cap 5-20 cm in diameter. On the head you can see a pattern of cracks and thickenings. The stem is fibrous, with a membrane that protects the cap plates in young mushrooms. When the spores mature, the membrane breaks and remains as a fringe on the cap. The best mushrooms are those with dark brown, velvety, about 5 cm in diameter and 70-80% open caps.

Shiitake is a Japanese word made up of the roots "chestnut" and "mushroom". In Europe, shiitake mushrooms are known as "Chinese black mushrooms".

Shiitake grows in the wild forests of China and Japan. It can be found not only on chestnuts, but also on maples, oaks, and ebony. In ancient times, Shiitake mushrooms were cultivated with great difficulty. Not knowing how they reproduce, they rubbed cuts on logs and trees with mushrooms. It was only in 1940 that an effective method of growing shiitake on wood was invented while maintaining its beneficial properties (calorizer). Today, shiitake mushrooms are grafted onto hardwood logs for medicinal purposes, and grown on sawdust and rice husks for the food industry. Therefore, shiitake mushrooms bought in a supermarket, although tasty, have almost no useful properties, since only existence in symbiosis with a tree endows mushrooms with substances useful for humans.

The first written mention of Shiitake mushrooms dates back to 199 AD, and this remedy came to Chinese traditional medicine much earlier. Chinese emperors took a decoction of shiitake to preserve their youth and protect themselves from disease. Like all the best products, shiitake mushrooms are called "imperial mushrooms". Other popular names: Sleeping Buddha Mushroom and Ginseng Mushroom.

Calorie content of dried Shiitake

The calorie content of dried Shiitake is 331 kcal per 100 grams of product.

Health Benefits of Dried Shiitake

Shiitake is the most cultivated mushroom in the world. Dried shiitake contains a large amount of zinc, phosphorus, potassium, iron, copper, calcium, polysaccharides (complex carbohydrates), amino acids and vitamins A, C, B1, B2, especially vitamin D. Shiitake dishes should be included in their diet for vegetarians, which lack vitamin D and protein. They have the ability to lower blood cholesterol levels. In addition, in China, these mushrooms are considered a strong aphrodisiac.

Dried Shiitake harm

Shiitake are the only mushrooms that can cause an allergic reaction, so start with small portions (calorizator). Pregnant women should not get carried away with shiitake, as they contain a large amount of active substances, the effect of which on the fetus has not yet been studied.

The daily amount of shiitake should not exceed 16-20 grams of dried mushrooms or 160-200 grams of fresh ones.

Dried Shiitake in cooking

In addition to medicinal purposes, it is widely used in cooking. In oriental cuisine, there are many recipes for soups, sauces, spices and shiitake drinks. In Japan, these mushrooms are used to make yogurt, rich in potassium, in European restaurants, shiitake has become an indispensable product due to its caramel smell and versatility of use.

In Japanese cuisine, mushrooms are prized for the fact that they are saturated with the taste of other foods, without drowning it out.

Shiitake is cooked separately on the grill and baked in tempura. Mushrooms are used in various hot dishes, combined with meat, vegetables and noodles, perfectly complementing the flavor range of any product.

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